[238][239], Between 26 December 2019 and 1 January 2020, as a result of a lightning strike,[240] a fire tore through 40,000 hectares (99,000 acres) of land in Stirling Range National Park in the southwest of the state, burning more than half of the park. [393], Conversely, scientific experts have asserted the influence of climate change, drought, prolonged fire weather, and contextualised the limited role of prescribed burning and arson in influencing the crisis. The fire was ultimately brought under control several hours later, with one firefighter injured suffering a broken arm. ", "Australian Seasonal Bushfire Outlook: December 2019 – HAZARD NOTES", "Bush Fire Danger Period and Fire Permits", "NSW RFS declares start of Bush Fire Danger Period", "Australia fires: Heavy rain extinguishes third of blazes in NSW", "Australia weather: How much rain did it take to put out NSW fires? [390] Experts have also cast skepticism on the effectiveness of fuel reduction treatments, citing research that suggests that prescribed burning does little to stop bushfire and save property in south east Australia, with climate and weather conditions having primary influence. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Forest Fire Australia de la plus haute qualité. An average maximum of 40.9C was recorded on 17 December, broken a day later by 41.9C, both beating 2013's record of 40.3C. [495], Corporate organisations to make donations or pledges included the Seven Group and Kerry Stokes' private investment firm, ACE Capital Equity, a combined total of A$10 million;[496] Tim Cook from Apple, an undisclosed amount;[497] the NAB and News Corp Australia, A$5 million each; Coles Group, A$4 million (of which A$3 million was in gift cards); the Australian Football League, A$2.5 million; BHP, A$2 million; Westpac and Woolworths, A$1.5 million each; Facebook, A$1.25 million; and Amazon, the ANZ Bank, the Atlassian Foundation, the Commonwealth Bank,[g] Orica, Qantas, and Rio Tinto, A$1 million each;[495] and Canva and the San Diego Zoo, A$500,000 each. On February 13 the … [138] As of 27 December, the Gospers Mountain fire had burnt over 500,000 hectares (1,200,000 acres);[139] and, after burning approximately 512,000 hectares (1,270,000 acres) across the Lithgow, Hawkesbury and Central Coast local government areas, the NSW Rural Fire Service reported the fire as contained on 12 January 2020, stating that the fire was caused by a lightning strike on 26 October. Due to heavy fuel loads and erratic weather conditions, the backburn quickly grew out of control, threatening houses in Mount Wilson and Mount Irvine. [400][401][402][403][404] The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) stated that on account of projected future climate change, hot days will become more frequent and hotter (very high confidence), and the time in drought is projected to increase over southern Australia (high confidence). On 31 December 2019, a grass fire broke out in the sloped woodlands of Prospect Hill, in Western Sydney, where it headed north towards Pemulwuy along the Prospect Highway. [236], In December fires in the region around Norseman blocked access to the Eyre Highway and the Nullarbor and caused the highways of the region to be blocked,[237] so as to prevent any recurrence of the 2007 death of truck drivers on the Great Eastern Highway. Some Pacific nations have also stated that they could send some aid. [166], As of 5 January 2020[update], in the Bega Valley Shire, the Border fire that started in north-eastern Victoria was burning north into New South Wales towards the major town of Eden, and had impacted the settlements of Wonboyn and surrounding areas including Kiah, Lower Towamba and parts of Boydtown. What's Australia doing to fight the bushfires? [69][70][71] NSW also experienced the longest continuously burning bushfire complex in Australia's history, having burnt more than 4 million hectares (9,900,000 acres), with 70-metre-high (230 ft) flames being reported. One house was destroyed. [citation needed] An evacuation warning was issued for the East Gippsland town of Goongerah, which is surrounded by high-value old growth forests, as well as Cudgewa. [213], On 8 November a bushfire broke out in forestry to the west of the township of Jimna, causing Queensland Fire and Emergency services to issue a "watch and act" alert. [424] Despite evidence to suggest that fuel loads played a minimal role in the 2019–20 Australian fires, there are calls to open up Australian protected lands to industry, particularly logging and grazing, to reduce fire fuel, with these calls having so far mainly stemmed from individuals and businesses with interests in such industries, and have resulted in the circulation of large amounts of disinformation.[424][429][430]. A fire burnt in wilderness areas on the Carrai Plateau west of Kempsey. In an attempt to protect the Blue Mountains from the Gospers Mountain bushfire, firefighters commenced a large backburn on 14 December in the Mount Wilson and Mount Irvine areas. The majority of deaths were in New South Wales (25), with one in the A… [citation needed] On the same day, a fire broke out in the Plenty Gorge Parklands, situated in Melbourne's northern suburbs between Bundoora, Mill Park, South Morang, Greensborough and Plenty. Lighting strikes subsequently started multiple fires in Southwest Tasmania. [194][failed verification] On 3 January, approximately 1,160 people from Mallacoota were evacuated on naval vessels HMAS Choules and MV Sycamore. ", "Barnaby Joyce says NSW bushfire victims 'most likely' voted for the Greens", "Factcheck: Is there really a green conspiracy to stop bushfire hazard reduction? Morrison was criticised for grabbing and then shaking their hands despite their refusals. The Australian Defence Force was mobilised to provide air support to the firefighting effort and to provide manpower and logistical support. Recent rainfall also contributed to the Omeo, Anglers Rest, Cobungra, Bindi, Hotham Heights, Glen Valley, Benambra, Swifts Creek, Omeo, Ensay, Tongio, the Blue Rag Range, Dargo and Tabberabbera bushfires all being contained. Experts have expressed concerns over the survival of endangered species on the island which include the dunnart - a mouse-like marsupial - and the black glossy cockatoo. [114] In 2019–20, the fire season started early with drought affecting 95 percent of the state and persistent dry and warm conditions across the state. [512], Irish YouTuber Jacksepticeye raised over $200,000 on 26 January through a charity live stream. [286][287] Though bushfires are not uncommon in Australia, they are usually of a lower scale and intensity that only affect small parts of the overall distribution of where species live. The fire briefly turned in the direction of Nabiac before wind pushed it towards Failford. An Emergency Warning was issued for Bendoc, Bendoc Upper, and Bendoc North on 30 January. [452], Ongoing political and social debate has surrounded many aspects of the 2019–20 Australian fire crisis, particularly regarding the causes and future prevention of such fire activity, and the role of climate change. [27] However, economists estimated that the Australian bushfires may cost over A$103 billion in property damage and economic losses, making the bushfires Australia's costliest natural disaster to date. Even in previous major fire years, only around two percent of Australia's temperate forests have burned. [citation needed] The fire moved south-east towards the populated areas of the Southern Highlands and impacted the townships of Balmoral, Buxton, Bargo, Couridjah and Tahmoor in far south-western Sydney. The NSWRFS sent out alerts to people in Killabakh, Upper Lansdowne, Kippaxs, Elands, and Marlee to monitor conditions. [254] Smoke from nearby bushfires continued to severely impact Canberra's air quality intermittently throughout January 2020. Some may go extinct", "An Australian ecologist explains just how bad the fires are for wildlife", "Impact of 2019–2020 mega-fires on Australian fauna habitat", "Click through the tragic stories of 119 species still struggling after Black Summer in this interactive (and how to help)", "I'm searching firegrounds for surviving Kangaroo Island Micro-trapdoor spiders. [406], Climate and fire experts agree that climate change is a factor known to result in increased fire frequency and intensity in south east Australia, and although it should not be considered as the sole cause of the 2019–20 Australian fires,[407] climate change is considered very likely to have contributed to the unprecedented extent and severity of the fires. [133][134], In late December 2019, fires started on both sides of the Pacific Highway around the Coopernook region. 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