Generally, the appositive follows the word it defines, as in My friend, Susan, came to dinner. The farmer has cows. “My father, a fat, funny man with beautiful eyes and a subversive wit, is trying to decide which of his eight children he will take with him to the county fair.”. Related words - appositive synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. It stands next to a noun or pronoun and adds information or details. For instance: “We were waiting outside the condemned cells, a row of sheds fronted with double bars, like small animal cages.” (A Hanging, by George Orwell). Examples of appositive phrases Willa Cather, an American novelist, wrote My Antonia. adverbial syntactic function. This is a literary device that appears before or after a noun or noun phrase. An appositive noun or phrase can come before or after the main noun. “Though her cheeks were high-colored and her teeth strong and yellow, she looked like a mechanical woman, a machine with flashing, glassy circles for eyes.”. 2. My sister-in-law Mary can knit a sweater a day. Otherwise, the whole purpose of language is lost. The function of appositive in literary works is to provide information, which is either essential or additional. The apartment had bugs, big brown cockroaches!As you can see, the appositives add information about the nouns. Appositive is an excellent tool that can be defined as a noun or phrase of noun that describes, identifies or renames another word in the same sentence. 3. USE AN EMPHATIC APPOSITIVE AT THE END OF A SENTENCE, FOLLOWING A DASH. EXAMPLES: The 2019 Rock & Roll Hall of Fame nominees included an American rock band, Devo. Lou Epstein, the oldest, shortest, and baldest of the three Epstein brothers, barely looked up from the cash register when Alfred entered the store. Let's look at another example from literature: Robert Louis Stevenson's story The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. It is helpful to combine sentences to avoid too many choppy and short sentences. Pronunciation of appositive and it's etymology. The smallest state in the US, Rhode Island is in the northeast. Now, what if you were told that there is a common noun in the two sentences, Albert and classmate. Rage against the Machine, a band from California, was also nominated. Her name is Claire. In the above example two noun phrases his wife and the queen both refer to the same person in the sentence, thus they are both said to be in apposition. An appositive is usually non-restrictive which means that it only gives additional information about the first noun phrase whose reference in quite clear. "Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher's to buy Queenie's traditional gift. But the appositive can also precede the noun it defines. To sum up, these phrases are nouns or pronouns that explain more about another noun. Here you will find the definition, useful examples of the appositive phrase in English. Karen, the girl sitting behind me in class, is wearing a green shirt. An appositive noun also defines, explains, and clarifies the meaning of a sentence. Among the instances of apposition of the nominal class, I have found three examples of reiteratíve apposition, sentences (17), (18) and (19). EXAMPLES. 3. Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side so that one element identifies the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.One of the elements is called the appositive, although its identification requires consideration of how the elements are used in a sentence. Words Learn English words … commas are also vital is to provide you with a great user experience its.... English lessons English Vocabulary words Learn English words … commas are also vital — often with modifiers — set another! Hamster, likes to run in a wheel popular opera singer, Pavarotti! 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