Zone: 10a-11 (30°F Minimum) Plant Type: … Swietenia acutifolia Stokes. Other valuable timbers of Meliaceae … Swietenia is a genus of the Meliaceae comprising three species: S. humilis, S. macrophylla and S. mahagoni. [18], The species is also known under other common names, including bastard mahogany,[19] broad-leaved mahogany, Brazilian mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, genuine mahogany, tropical American mahogany, and sky fruit, among others. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. A few other genera also yield edible fruits. Swietenia Meliaceae - 2 images at . A few species of Rutaceae are grown as ornamentals in temperate regions. The University of the Philippines (UP) is the country’s national university. Distribution of Meliaceae 3. The six or seven species of Khaya in tropical Africa and Madagascar, including K. senegalensis (African mahogany), produce a wood like that of mahogany, as do the nine species of omu, sapele, and utile mahoganies (Entandrophragma). The Swietenia mahagoni is native to southern Florida, the Caribbean, and the West Indies. common in the tropical dry forest in Mexico and too in Central America. Essential oils found in the tissues of Rutaceae are the source of the characteristic flavours of fruits, bark, gums, and leaves. These findings indicated that SMEAF possesses anti-inflammatory activities in BV-2 cells by modulating LPS-induced pro-inflammatory mediator production via the inhibition of Akt-dependent NF-κB, p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 activation. Swietenia mahagoni (Meliaceae): species information from GCW Information on Swietenia mahagoni as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW). A few members of Meliaceae have edible fruits. Risk assessments Swietenia mahagoni weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific Swietenia; Synoum; Toona; Trichilia; Turraea; Turraeanthus; Walsura; Xylocarpus; A list of all accepted names in Meliaceae is available in CSV format. Economic Importance 4. The mahogany timber grown in these Asian plantations is the major source of international trade in genuine mahogany today. : Common Name: WEST INDIAN MAHOGANY: Plant Notes: Commonly planted and naturalized, in Florida this species is primarily native only to the northern Keys and southern hammocks of the Everglades (Little 1978; Morton 1987). Identification: Swietenia species can be very hard to tell from one another, but they can usually be distinguished from other species listed as mahogany (see following species further on in this article).All Swietenia species will have marginal parenchyma when viewed on the endgrain (see 10x endgrain scan). These are collectively referred to … Meliaceae (Mahogany family). For example Honduran mahogany is Swietenia macrophylla Best developments have Characters of Meliaceae 2. The Swietenia mahagoni is native to southern Florida, the Caribbean, and the West Indies. Swietenia. Swietenia is one genus in a family of trees, the chinaberry or Meliaceae family, which grows all over the tropics. Common name "caobillo", "zopilote" Cite. [12], The ethyl acetate fraction from the seeds of Swietenia macrophylla (SMEAF) was studied for anti-inflammatory properties using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV-2 microglia. Solvent fractions of the ethanol … The Meliaceae is a family in which the diversity in fruits and seeds outweighs in complexity the floral details, which are the basis of angiosperm classification (Corner, 1976).Nevertheless, according to Corner (1976), it is necessary to examine fruit and seed structure in order to understand specific alliances within and between genera. This poisonous perennial herb, native from southern Europe to northern China, is grown not only for its attractive whitish flowers but also for its ethereal oil; the glands of this plant can be squeezed and the oil expressed into the air and ignited by a match—hence the common name. Embryo, germination, integument, mahogany, Meliaceae, seed, seed anatomy, seed coat, seed imbibition, stomata, Swietenia macrophylla INTRODUCTION The Meliaceae is a family in which the diversity in fruits and seeds outweighs in complexity the floral details, which are the basis of … Khaya senegalensis and Swietenia mahogani - indiantreepix | Google Groups : Khaya senegalensis and Swietenia mahogani Both these are Mahogany trees of Meliaceae family. The genus Swietenia (Meliaceae) has a wide variety of secondary metabolites with reported antioxidant activity, such as flavonoids and limonoids. EDIS is the Electronic Data Information Source of UF/IFAS Extension, a collection of information on topics relevant to you. Swietenia Swietenia. Other Common Names: Caoba (throughout Latin America), Acajou (French-speaking areas). Swietenia macrophylla, commonly known as mahogany, [2] Honduran mahogany, [2] Honduras mahogany, [3] big-leaf mahogany, [4] or West Indian mahogany, [5] is a species of plant in the Meliaceae family. The mahogany shoot borer, Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller), bores into the twigs and seed capsules of trees in the mahogany family (Meliaceae), especially mahogany species (Swietenia spp.) [citation needed], It was scientifically studied for its various biological activities. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Just better. Quite the same Wikipedia. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Many tropical species of the family Meliaceae are important timber trees. INTRODUCTION. Nearly leafless, fruiting tree. Economic Importance 4. Meliaceae genus Swietenia species Swietenia macrophylla Name Synonyms Swietenia belizensis Lundell Swietenia candollei Pittier Swietenia macrophylla var. … The tree is also planted in Laos PDR. Common Name: Mahogany. The wood of Swietenia … Source for information on Swietenia: A Dictionary of Plant Sciences dictionary. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Swietenia is one genus in a family of trees, the chinaberry or Meliaceae family, which grows all over the tropics. Scientific name: Swietenia mahagoni Pronunciation: swee-TEEN-ee-uh mah-HAH-go-nye Common name(s): Mahogany, West Indies mahogany Family: Meliaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to South Florida, Bahamas, and the western Caribbean UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: Native Uses: reclamation; street without sidewalk; screen; shade; parking lot island 100–200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree lawn > 6 ft wide; urban toleran… The morphology of S. miocenica is well represented among Meliaceae. Meliaceae family! Meliaceae : Source: Meliaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Meliaceae … Swietenia macrophylla : Source: Meliaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Swietenia … Swietenia macrophylla: Family: Meliaceae: Honduras Mahogany. Just better. It has clusters of fragrant lilac-coloured flowers and attractive but poisonous yellow berries. Each fruit capsule could contain 71 winged seeds. It is one of three species that yields genuine mahogany timber (Swietenia), the others being Swietenia mahagoni and Swietenia humilis. The fruits of Aegle are used medicinally, as are those of Poncirus trifoliata (Chinese hardy orange). Citrus oils are commonly expressed from the rinds of different citrus fruits or from their flowers. Swietenia fabrilis Salisb. Dictamnus albus (burning bush) is one of the few members of the family that is not woody. Meliaceae. The genus is named for Dutch-Austrian physician Gerard van Swieten (1700-1772). [17], These cases that happened are the first reports of Swietenia Macrophylla seeds’ association with liver injury. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. From Calvo et al. Phylogenetic studies suggest that the Meliaceae is most closely related to the Rutaceae and Simaroubaceae (Savolainen et al., 2000). This is the 'original' mahogany tree. Common Name: Big Leaf Mahogany. Swietenia (mahogany; family Meliaceae) A genus containing the true mahoganies, which are deciduous trees with pinnate leaves, and flowers that are functionally unisexual. [citation needed], Historic distribution of mahogany in Mexico and Central America. The best known, Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian mahogany), is one of the world’s most valuable woods. Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) are classified as #Vulnerable by IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 1998. Anti-inflammatory, antimutagenicity, and antitumor-promoting activities of mahogany seeds, Swietenia macrophylla (Meliaceae) Data provider: University Library, University of the Philippines at Los Baños. Swietenia found in cladograms: 3-gene 567 taxon Angiosperm Consensus Tree (rbcL, 18s, atpB) It is a native American word originally used for the wood of the species Swietenia mahagoni, known as West Indian or Cuban mahogany. The family is Meliaceae and the genus is Swietenia. Consumption of Swietenia macrophylla seeds can lead to hepatitis and autoimmune phenomena", "HSA Updates on Reports of Liver Injury After Consumption of Mahogany Seeds (Sky Fruit)", "CHP investigates suspected cases of hepatotoxicity after consumption of sky fruit seeds and related products", "Acute oral toxicity studies of Swietenia macrophylla seeds in Sprague Dawley rats", International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swietenia_macrophylla&oldid=993801775, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Historic range of big-leaf mahogany in South America, Current range of big-leaf mahogany in South America, English - big leaf mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, Brazilian mahogany, French - Acajou à grandes feuilles, acajou du Honduras, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:52. What we do. Other valuable timbers of Meliaceae from the American tropics are derived from species of Cedrela; C. odorata (West Indian cedar), for example, is the source of wood used for making cigar boxes. Some species of Meliaceae have medicinal properties. Because of its commercial value, the species has been introduced and is cultivated throughout the tropical world. Several species of Carapa produce oils used for soap: in South America C. guianensis (crabwood), in Indo-Malaysia C. procera, and in East Africa Trichilia emetica (cape mahogany). General Distribution: Native to Mexico, Central America, and parts of northern South America. Both are from the Meliaceae … Mahogany consists of three species in the genus Swietenia in the family Meliaceae – Honduras mahogany (Swietenia humilis), bigleaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), and American mahogany (Swietenia … The Asian countries which grow the majority of Swietenia macrophylla are India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Fiji, Philippines, Singapore, and some others, with India and Fiji being the major world suppliers. #Meliaceae In most cases, the liver function was recovered after stopping the consumption. SMEAF significantly attenuated the LPS-induced production of nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). It is native to South America, Mexico and Central America, but naturalized in the Philippines, Singapore and Hawaii,[2][6] and cultivated in plantations and wind-breaks elsewhere. and cedro, known also as Spanish-cedar and tropical-cedar (Cedrela spp.). Naturalized in West Indies and Puerto Rico. Cedrela mahagoni L. Cedrus mahogani Mill. It occurs natively in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia. Treatment with specific inhibitors for Akt, NF-κB, p38 and ERK1/2 resulted in the attenuation of iNOS and COX-2 protein expression. [13], There are also claims of its ability to improve blood circulation and skin condition, as well as anti-erectile dysfunction. The bark of the Indo-Malaysian Azadirachta indica (neem) is astringent and may also be used to make an insecticide. Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla, Meliaceae) is the most valuable and intensively exploited Neotropical tree.No information is available regarding the genetic structure of mahogany in South America, yet the region harbours most of the unlogged populations of this prized hardwood. Statistics. As with Sapindaceae, members of Rutaceae are best known for their fruits. Swietenia mahagoni, commonly known as American mahogany, Cuban mahogany, small-leaved mahogany, and West Indian mahogany, is a species of Swietenia native to South Florida in the United States and islands in the Caribbean including the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola. [15] The exact mechanism of these adverse events is currently unknown. Swietenia macrophylla, commonly known as mahogany,[2] Honduran mahogany,[2] Honduras mahogany,[3] big-leaf mahogany,[4] or West Indian mahogany,[5] is a species of plant in the Meliaceae family. The flower was illustrated informally by Poinar and Poinar (1999) from amber material of the Dominican … Aside from Swietenia there are several genera in the Meliaceae which produce timber suitable … Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) are classified as #Vulnerable by IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 1998. Swietenia is a genus of trees in the chinaberry family, Meliaceae. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Distribution: Southern Mexico southward to Colombia, Venezuela, and parts of the upper Amazon and its tributaries in Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. 2008. These results further advocate the potential use of S. macrophylla as nutraceutical for the intervention of neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders. Citrus is the most important genus in the family; its fruits are an important source of vitamin C. A genus of small evergreen trees from South China to Indo-Malaysia, Citrus species are now cultivated throughout the warm temperate and tropical areas of the world, especially Citrus aurantifolia (lime), C. aurantium (Seville orange), C. limon (lemon), C. medica (citron), C. nobilis (mandarin orange), C. paradisi (grapefruit), C. reticulata (tangerine), and C. sinensis (sweet orange). Meliaceae + Synonyms. Popular in Southeast Asia are Lansium domesticum (langsat) and Sandoricum koetjape (santol), while the flowers of Aglaia odorata are used in East Asia to flavour tea. 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