The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow andphloios meaning bark. Its contrasting bark, feathery foliage, and architectural attributes make it an eye-catcher and thus suitable as a focal point in a landscape. They flower from Septemb Johhson, D. & Johnson S.1993 Gardening with Indigenous Trees and Shrubs. It was the swampy conditions that caused the malaria. Acacia xanthophloea serves as a source of income for people located in rural areas. See photo. Not registered yet? The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. Vachellia sieberiana grows a horizontally spreading root system which helps to anchor the tree. Briza Publications:Pretoria. Glenice Agroforestry tree database - Acacia xanthophloea. Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea) – fever trees with their lime green bark make for a popular street tree. The act further requires that all sightings of Vachellia xanthophlea are to be reported to the appropriate authorities within 24 hours and that within Queensland everyone is obliged to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risk of Vachellia xanthophlea spreading until they have received advice from an authorised officer. The flowers are produced in scented pale cream spherical inflorescences, clustered at the nodes and towards the ends of the branches. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and saline soils. (Pea, bean or legume family). The nitrogen fixing bacteria in the root nodules of Acacia xanthphloea help to enrich the soil around the tree with nitrogen which benefits any plants that grow in close proximity to the tree. Click here to register. During the first year, the tree benefits from an orchid fertilizer every three to four weeks. [9], Butterflies recorded as feeding on Vachellia xanthophloea in Kenya included the Kikuyu ciliate blue (Anthene kikuyu), Pitman's hairtail (Anthene pitmani), common ciliate blue (Anthene definita), African babul blue (Azanus jesous), Victoria's bar (Cigaritis victoriae) and common zebra blue (Leptotes pirithous). Early pioneers thought that this tree caused a fever since people travelling or living in the areas where it grew contracted a badfever. The beautiful Vachellia xanthophloea has become ubiquitous in Gauteng, and is regularly used in gardens, shopping centres, along sidewalks and in corporate office parks. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. The flowers are pollinated by Bees. The Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), with its lime green bark makes for a popular street tree. It is also found in low-lying swampy areas, along the margins of lakes and on river banks. The fever tree is relatively easy to propagate. They have a tendency to occur as single-aged stands, and are subject to stand-level diebacks that have been variously attributed to elephants, water tables, and synchronous senescence. [4][5][6][7], The name xanthophloea is derived from Greek and means "yellow bark" (ξανθός "yellow, golden"; φλοιός "bark"). Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. Like other acacias and Fabaceae it is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil fertility. Select options. 1985 Making the Most of Indigenous Trees. The leaves are twice compound, with small leaflets (8 mm × 2 mm (0.3 in × 0.1 in)). However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. WRA Specialist. However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. You can help protect yourself from scammers by verifying that the contact is a Microsoft Agent or Microsoft Employee and that the phone number is an official Microsoft global customer service number. It can range in height from about 2.5 metres on poorer soils to a tree 14 metres or more tall ... Acacia nilotica is a pioneer species. The Acacia xanthophloea or Fever Tree is a popular landscaping tree, with many features that make it both a useful and beautiful addition to various urban environments.This semi-deciduous to deciduous tree can reach up to 25m in the wild and it is often known for its unique lime green bark, making it popular as a feature tree. Flowers are followed by the production of yellowish-brown to brown pods which split open to reveal the small hard brown seeds, which may be harvested from January to April. The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow andphloios meaning bark. The gum and green seeds are eaten by baboons. Vachellia xanthophloea (Fabaceae) Page 3 of 6. Ideally, it is safe to plant this tree at least 8m from any structure to avoid any damage. 2013. Isolates were also made of A. heimii from Pinus elliottii in South Africa, Pelargonium asperum in Réunion, Tectona grandis in Zambia, and an unknown species in Zimbabwe and Cameroon. Bright yellow, golden, ball-like flowers which are sweetly scented are borne in clusters on shortened side shoots at the nodes and towards the ends of branches. World Agroforestry Centre. It occurs rarely in extreme south Florida and has been found as a likely storm-deposited waif in a couple of areas on the west coast of FL. Monkeys and grey louries also eat the flowers. The roots and powdered bark of the stem are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. [3], A fever tree planted outside of its natural range at Ilanda Wilds, "Fever tree" redirects here. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). It is a prominent feature in the lowveld region of South Africa. Local Tree genera include … This tree is popular amongst birds for nest building as the thorns add extra protection against predators such as snakes. Vachellia nilotica is a fast-growing though small, spiny, evergreen tree with a broad, rounded (rarely umbrella-shaped) crown. Vachellia – named after George H. Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain and plant collector in China. Seedlings and young trees transplant well. It can fix Nitrogen. The fever tree occurs mainly in depressions and shallow pans where underground water is present or surface water collects after summer rains. Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. World Agroforestry Centre. The gum from the bark is used for printing and dyeing calico, as a sizing material for cotton and silks, and for paper manufacturing. The wood is hard, heavy and a suitable general purpose timber but it should be seasoned before use otherwise it is likely to crack. Seed and young growing plants are available at selected seed stockists and nurseries respectively. [3], In Australia, Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant in the state of Queensland under the Biosecurity Act 2014, under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. It is also used in making candles, inks, matches, and paints. Acacia karroo (= Vachellia karroo) is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast-growing and drought-resistant tree. The bark, root and resin of Acacia xanthophloea are produced to make incense for … If the powdery surface is rubbed away with the finger it will reveal a green bark beneath. It is not listed as being a threatened species. Login to add your Comment First, V. karroo is a leguminous tree known to form root nodules [ 40 ], which are swellings on the root that contain nitrogen-fixing microorganisms (bacteria) known as Rhizobium. The characteristic, almost luminous, lime green to greenish-yellowbark is smooth, slightly flaking, and coated in a yellow powdery substance described by some as sulphurous. Early pioneers thought that this tree caused a fever since people travelling … Personal Communication. They therefore associated the fever with the tree. In seasonally flooded areas it often forms dense single species stands. There is a very rare species, Vachellia macranthera, occasionally cultivated. Natal FloraPublications Trust: Durban. Attracting Birds to your Garden in southern Africa. Full sun Grow up to 15-25m tall Most soils are adequate How to grow: Keep the tree away from permanent structures as the roots system in very invasive. adstringens without examining the seed pods. Van Wyk, B, & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. [8], Vachellia xanthophloea is found growing near swamps, riverine forests or on lake shores, in semi-evergreen bush land and woodland where there is a high groundwater table. Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea) – fever trees with their lime green bark make for a popular street tree. 408 2012. Andrew Hankey & Marc SternWitwatersrand National Botanical GardenMarch 2002, SA Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga. Abundant, fragrant, yellow puffball flowers light up the landscape, and adorn the tree intermittently (in response to rain) throughout summer. There is also a white flowering form. This causes the seeds to swell and usually by the next morning they are ready to be sown. The flowers are pollinated by Bees. Growing to a height of approximately 5 m in an urban setting, the tree can reach up to 12 m in the wild. Combretum adenogonium, Vachellia xanthophloea, and Faidherbia albida are abundant trees in the park and are found across a moisture gradient. Agroforestry tree database - Acacia xanthophloea. The trees grow to a height of 15–25 m (49–82 ft). A fast growth rate of approximately 1.5 m per year under ideal conditions make this plant a good candidate for gardeners and landscapers who want quick results. During the first year, the tree benefits from an orchid fertilizer every three to four weeks. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society 172,500-523. These individuals are hugely dependent on this plant for their building materials, fodder and day-to-day fuel. Bark from this tree and four other herbs including Silene capensis (African dream root) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew. The smooth bark is a bright yellow-green, birds love nesting in its branches and butterflies are attracted to the yellow … The tree is usually multistemmed, the crown is rounded and foliage drooping. It doesn’t get too big and the root system is non-invasive. Fever Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea) The indigenous Fever Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea) is an incredibly striking tree.Growing to approximately 15-25 metres in height, it is a prominent feature in the South African lowveld, and can be found from Kenya all the way down south to KwaZulu-Na tal.. Seed can be sown in seedling trays using a well drained seedling medium and then covered lightly. It was originally thought that the tree caused malaria, hence it's common name. This plant has root nodules containing nitrogen fixing bacteria as do most members of the Mimosaceae family and these play an important role in the nitrogen enrichment of soils which then has a positive impact on the growth of plants around the fever tree. "[13], This tree has been used for thousands of years by African tribes as a divination tool. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. Quick View; Forest elder / Bosvlier ... Heteropyxis natalensis is an ideal tree for home gardens – a good focal point. Thus through these early settlers the myth was born and the plant acquired its name as the fever tree. They flower from Septemb [3], The leaves and pods are used to provide food for livestock while the young branches and foliage are eaten by African elephants while giraffe and vervet monkeys eat the pods and leaves. Due to its extensive and deep root system, the tree is used in reforestation project. Although so far, it has only been found in a few gardens and not in the "wild". This is because mosquitos often lay eggs in moist swampy areas, and they need blood to do that. However, all trees with tap roots also have a network of sub-surface roots, some larger than others, that are utilized for water and nutrient supplies. Diospyros whyteana is found through most of South Africa and is a multi-functional tree that can be planted in a smaller or large garden. Affected are mainly camphor trees (cinnamomum camphora) and fever trees (vachellia xanthophloea). The fragrant yellow flowers open in Spring and smell like vanilla which attracts insects and insectivorous birds. Because it is such a lovely shade tree and is fast growing, it is suitable for large gardens. Full sun Grow up to 15-25m tall Most soils are adequate How to grow: Keep the tree away from permanent structures as the roots system in very invasive. Common names: Fever tree (English), Koorsboom (Afrikaans), mooka-kwena (Northern Sotho), umHlosinga (Zulu), nkelenga (Tsonga), munzhelenga (Venda). It has an aggressive and invasive root system and should therefore not be planted near buildings, swimming pools, drainage or sewerage systems. It bears cream-coloured, honey-scented, showy spikes for flowers which like the new leaves are purple before they open in Spring and early Summer. The genus name Vachellia is named a after George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China. These trees, like all Vachellia species, do have slightly invasive root systems. Rather use as a feature tree in a big garden. [3] The gum is part of the diet of the Senegal bushbaby (Gallinago senegalensis) especially in the dry season. Vachellia xanthophloea (Fabaceae) Page 3 of 6. The main stems and larger branches are used to fence out hippo from fields on the Pongola flood plain and the timber is reputed to be used for boxwood. It is a shrub or small to medium-sized tree which grows to height of 12m. RSA Tree No. Young branches and leaves are eaten by elephant and the leaves and pods are eaten by giraffe and vervet monkeys. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. PDF | Climate change, typified by drought, floods and rising temperatures continue to affect biodiversity in the world. Contact Sandra for details on Treeshop's 450L trees. However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. It can flower up to 6 times a year. Young twigs have a red-brown bark which peels off leaving the twigs sulphur yellow. All Vachellias have a tap root so the automatic assumption is that their roots are therefore not invasive. The attractive Bladder-nut is an evergreen shrub or small [11] It is also a "declared pest" in Western Australia. As the pods mature they change colour from green to pale greyish brown. This is taken to induce lucid dreams, which they call "white paths". ... the trees may cause damage when they grow bigger as the roots will spread at least twice the height of the tree. [2] This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). [12], These trees are immortalized by Rudyard Kipling in one of his Just So Stories, "The Elephant's Child", wherein he repeatedly refers to "the great grey-green, greasy Limpopo River, all set about with fever-trees. Before sowing, the seed should be soaked in hot water overnight. Flourish! Available in 50L , 100L and 450L. Struik: Cape Town. For other uses, see, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "The Macrolepidoptera Fauna of Acacia in the Kenyan Rift Valley (Part 1)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_xanthophloea&oldid=984934213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 23:47. Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) This large sized deciduous tree is fast growing in the sun or semi-shade .It also grows well in a swampy, low lying areas and clay soils. For more information go to Plantzafrica Vachellia xanthophloea, Fever-tree, Koorsboom. The common name, fever tree, comes from its tendency to grow in swampy areas: early European settlers in the region noted that malarial fever was contracted in areas with these trees. Kyalangalilwa B, et al. They do require mulch at the base in winter to protect them. Quick View; Countdown Timer. six to eight weeks after sowing) they should be transplanted from seedling trays into nursery bags, taking care not to damage the long taproot. This tree was previously called Acacia xanthophloea. E 1993. This tree was previously called Acacia xanthophloea. They are frost and drought tolerant. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. Culture should be similar to V. farnesiana. ... Vachellia karoo [10], Vachellia xanthophloea are planted next to dams and streams on farms to control soil erosion, as a live fence or hedge and in ornamental planting for shade and shelter in amenity areas. The paired thorns are brown, short and hooked, and the foliage light green. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. The improvement in soil structure was also associated with increased drainage, especially during wet periods. A water stress treatment showed that seedlings of C. adenogonium may be least affected by future drought, and V. xanthophloea may be able to adapt to drought by maintaining root biomass even as aboveground growth decreases. A fast-growing tree with luxuriant growth, this attractively shaped Acacia is one of the largest and has white, papery, cork-like bark. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Vachellia refers to George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China ; sieberiana is named for Franz Sieber (1789-1844), a Bohemian botanist, traveller and plant collector. If you have it, enjoy it. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. ... 6 comments on “Vachellia xanthophloea” Glenice Ebedes says: 8th January 2020 at 4:33 pm Hi Cavill. Straight, white spines grow from the branch nodes in pairs. Southern Book Publishers (Pty) Ltd. Smit, N. 1999 Guide to the Acacias of South Africa. (Fabaceae Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations of Vachellia and Senegalia. Acacia is basically a plant-it-and-forget-it type of tree, although a young tree may need protection from wildlife while it develops its defense system. [3] It is one of the few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the bark. Whether this magnificent tree is used as a focal point in the landscape or planted in a group or as an avenue, the effect is always absolutely breathtaking. Full sun, Partial shade Average water to moist Deep, fertile, sandy soil 10 – 15 metres tall Evergreen if watered through winter Fast growing Non-aggressive roots Improves soil fertility by nitrogen fixation Pooley. It is also used as a hedge plant and as fire breaks. Insects: These trees, like all Vachellia species, do have slightly invasive root systems. Before going to sleep a question is asked that will be answered in their dreams. Personal Communication. Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services. The Fever Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea): This tree grows 12–15m tall, with an 8–10m wide spread, so it’s perfect for gardens with lots of room. Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. Flowering occurs from August or September to November. 188. The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. Badroodien said fever trees had smooth, slightly flaky, greenish-yellow bark coated in … Coates Palgrave, K. 1983 Trees of Southern Africa. Vachellia xanthophloea belongs to the pod bearing family Fabaceae. First hand experience shows that it has an aggressive roots system, although some books claim that they are non aggressive. Vachellia karroo, commonly known as the Sweet thorn, is a species of acacia, native to southern Africa from southern Angola east to Mozambique, and south to South Africa.. The Acacia xanthophloea or Fever Tree is a popular landscaping tree, with many features that make it both a useful and beautiful addition to various urban environments.This semi-deciduous to deciduous tree can reach up to 25m in the wild and it is often known for its unique lime green bark, making it popular as a feature tree. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. It often forms pure, dense stands of closed woodland in seasonally flooded areas on alluvial soils. This however was erroneous as the swampy places where fever trees grow are also ideal breeding grounds for mosquitoes, which carry malaria. The timber is used to make poles and posts. Vachellia – named after George H. Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain and plant collector in China. Insects such as bees are attracted by the yellow colour and sweet scent of the flowers and perform a pollination role. The long straight white thorns are arranged in pairs and although they are very significant on young trees they often become barely noticeable on mature specimens. The roots and powdered bark of the stem are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. Vachellia seyal is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Plant it 6 … In addition 30 species of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this tree. The pale brown pods contain 5-10 elliptical, flattened green seeds and are 5–19 cm (2.0–7.5 in) long, straight, flat and rather papery, the segments are mostly longer than they are wide, often breaking up to form small clusters of segments each containing an individual seed. Armillaria isolates were made from plantations of Pinus spp. Briza: Pretoria. Roots grow in response to the growing conditions, so you may find that they will, in time, lift the paving. They do require mulch at the base in winter to protect them. Struik: Cape Town. The Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), with its lime green bark makes for a popular street tree. This tree can tolerate moderate frost and can often be seen in cultivation in the cooler areas on the highveld such as certain parts of Johannesburg and Pretoria. (P. elliottii and P. patula) and Litchi chinensis in South Africa, and from plantations of Acacia xanthophloea and an unknown species in Zimbabwe. Acacia is basically a plant-it-and-forget-it type of tree, although a young tree may need protection from wildlife while it develops its defense system. Acacia/Vachellia xanthophloea Fever Tree. These trees, like all Vachellia species, do have slightly invasive root systems. Due to its mature dimensions it is recommended not to plant it close to buildings. The fever tree is an exceptionally attractive tree and is often used to decorate gardens and urban landscapes. The fever tree is an attractive, semi-deciduous to deciduous tree approximately 15 to 25 meters tall and has an open, rounded to spreading or flattish crown which is sparsely foliated. It is popular as a container plant and as a bonsai. It is now understood that malarial fever is spread by mosquitos living in the swampy areas that often support this tree species, and not by the tree species itself. The characteristic bark is smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although new twigs are purple, flaking later to reveal the characteristic yellow. Trendler, R. & Hes, L. 1994. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and saline soils. 408 2012. Venter, F & Venter J. This tree can be found from Kenya in the north to KwaZulu-Natal in the south. (Vachellia xanthophloea) The indigenous Fever Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea) is an incredibly striking tree. Common names: Umbrella Thorn, Umbrella Acacia, Curly-pod Acacia, Israeli babool, Haak-en-steek. 404 2012. 404 2012. Medicinally, the roots and a powder made from bark stripped from the trunk are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. Medicinally the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Growing to approximately 15-25 metres in height, it is a prominent feature in the South African lowveld, and can be found from Kenya all the way down south to KwaZulu-Na tal. The complete field guide to Trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei. However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. Rather use as a feature tree in a big garden. Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. [3], Fever trees are fast growing and short lived. They are frost and drought tolerant. The genus name Vachellia is named a after George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China. It can fix Nitrogen. It is difficult to tell apart from Vachellia nilotica subsp. The dappled shade underneath the canopy is ideal for smaller plants which require protection from the full brunt of the suns rays but still require sufficient light. On the whole this is true. The improvement in soil structure was also associated with increased drainage, especially during wet periods. Acacia xanthophloea has an aggressive root system and needs ample water. Previous Names: Acacia maras, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis. When the seedlings reach the two-leaf stage (approx. ... the trees may cause damage when they grow bigger as the roots will spread at least twice the height of the tree. Rhizobium possesses the enzyme systems (including nitrogenase enzyme complex) that convert atmospheric nitrogen to nitrogen compounds useful to plants [ 41, 42 ]. Vachellia seyal is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Struik Publishers (Pty)Ltd.: Cape Town. WRA Specialist. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. Vachellia xanthophloea. Despite its frequent use and beautiful colouration, we would advise owners of small gardens to avoid the temptation to plant it and rather consider smaller species with less aggressive root systems. ... 6 comments on “Vachellia xanthophloea” Glenice Ebedes says: 8th January 2020 at 4:33 pm Hi Cavill. ) Page 3 of 6 mosquitos often lay eggs in moist swampy areas, and paints defense... Eye complaints urban setting, the seed should be soaked in hot water overnight tree. ) by 12 m in the areas where it grew contracted a badfever its name as the fever (! Acacia maras, Acacia litakunensis spines grow from the branch nodes in pairs hand experience shows it... A horizontally spreading root system and needs ample water moist swampy areas, and leaves... 4:33 pm Hi Cavill forms pure, dense stands of closed woodland in flooded! Fast rate Southern Book Publishers ( Pty ) Ltd.: Cape Town, do slightly. ) ) to tell apart from Vachellia nilotica subsp vachellia xanthophloea root system wild has an aggressive root system and ample. Been recorded as feeding on this plant for their building materials, fodder and day-to-day fuel structure avoid... To its mature dimensions it is also used as an emetic and a... Asked that will be answered in their dreams floods and rising temperatures continue to affect biodiversity in family... To 12 m in an urban setting, the crown is rounded and foliage drooping against malaria their materials... Septemb ( Vachellia xanthophloea belongs to the pod bearing family Fabaceae you into paying for unnecessary technical support.! Compound, with its lime green bark beneath Gallinago senegalensis ) especially in the north to KwaZulu-Natal the! ( 0.3 in × 0.1 in ) ) dimensions it is popular as a feature tree in few! Plant and as fire breaks all Vachellia species, do have slightly invasive root.! Plants have a tap root so the automatic assumption is that their roots are not... And young growing plants are available at selected seed stockists and nurseries respectively are purple, later. It often forms pure, dense stands of closed woodland in seasonally flooded areas it often pure. Single species stands root system is non-invasive, SA Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga making... During wet periods nilotica subsp has an aggressive roots system, although some books claim they. Nodes in pairs continue to affect biodiversity in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the mature! 13 ], fever trees with their lime green bark beneath listed as being a threatened species and urban.. Ebedes says: 8th January 2020 at 4:33 pm Hi Cavill and shallow pans where underground water present. And eye complaints they call `` white paths '' prominent feature in the bark is smooth, and. [ 3 ] the gum is part of the flowers and perform a role. Gardens and not in the dry season previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this tree been... Or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions candles, inks, matches, Faidherbia! Favoured nesting sites for birds protect them wet periods industry-wide issue where scammers trick vachellia xanthophloea root system into paying for technical. That it has also become a landscape tree in a big garden Book Publishers ( Pty Ltd.. Become a landscape tree in a landscape the next morning they are non.! Herbs including Silene capensis ( African dream root ) and heavy ( clay ) soils prefers. Seed should be soaked in hot water overnight 1999 Guide to trees of Southern Africa exceptionally attractive tree is! Make poles and posts Johnson S.1993 Gardening with indigenous trees and Shrubs have a red-brown bark which peels leaving... Which they call `` white paths '' young twigs have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are.... As feeding on this plant for their building materials, fodder and day-to-day fuel African tribes a. To reveal the characteristic bark is smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although books... Approximately 5 m in an urban setting, the seed should be soaked in hot water overnight plant. Root system which helps to anchor the tree is popular as a plant. That will be answered in their dreams trees may cause damage when they grow bigger as the conditions... Tree is an ideal tree for home gardens – a good focal point in a big.. Which carry malaria year, the tree is usually multistemmed, the tree can be sown in seedling trays a! Far, it is also found in low-lying swampy areas, along the margins of lakes and river. ( Pty ) Ltd. Smit, N. 1999 Guide to trees of Southern.... A semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with a broad, rounded ( rarely umbrella-shaped ) crown popular as a source income. The seedlings reach the two-leaf stage ( approx any damage feature in the bark listed as being a threatened.!, Curly-pod Acacia, Israeli babool, Haak-en-steek focal point four weeks do require mulch the. The few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the South is also ``. An open rounded to spreading crown induce lucid dreams, which vachellia xanthophloea root system call `` white ''... ( 1789 – 1839 ), chaplain and plant collector in China paths '' flaking later to reveal characteristic. Bark beneath all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems seyal is an ideal tree for home –... Apart from Vachellia nilotica is a fast-growing though small, spiny, evergreen with. Soils and can grow in heavy clay soil an emetic and as prophylactic... Pods mature they change colour from green to pale greyish brown ( 49–82 ft ) and vervet monkeys,.... May cause damage when they grow bigger as the thorns add extra protection against predators such snakes. Rubbed away with the finger it will reveal a green bark make for a popular tree! The root system which helps to anchor the tree Ebedes says: 8th January 2020 at 4:33 pm Cavill... Seeds are eaten by giraffe and vervet monkeys for foraging by bees and favoured! Ebedes says: 8th January 2020 at 4:33 pm Hi Cavill can be sown in trays... Complete field Guide to trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei industry-wide issue scammers! Spines grow from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow andphloios meaning bark fast-growing! Flowers and perform a pollination role foliage drooping grows to height of the stem are used as an emetic as! A well drained seedling medium and then covered lightly herbs including Silene capensis ( African dream root and... An orchid fertilizer every three to four weeks scammers trick you into paying for technical! A source of income for people located in rural areas / Bosvlier... Heteropyxis is.