A small number of ethnic Vietnamese from Cambodia and Vietnam settled in Malaysia as Vietnam War refugees. However, in the matriculation system, only 10 per cent of the places are open to non-Bumiputra students.[82]. The population estimates provided are based on Population and Housing Census 2010 which has taken into accounts births, deaths and migration components. Demographics of Malaysia 2020. Tamil community from Ceylon have their own Tamil dialect known as Sri Lankan Tamil. [65] Thai is also spoken in some areas. Despite making up almost a quarter of the population, in 2010 only 5.8% of Malay’s civil service was ethnically Chinese. The total population in Malaysia was estimated at 32.6 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. A small minority of Malaysians do not fit into the broader ethnic groups. On the other hand, it was reported that up to 10% of Malaysian Chinese are primarily English-speaking. Archive     All ethnic Malays are considered Muslim by Article 160 of the Constitution of Malaysia. The majority of private hospitals are in urban areas and, unlike many of the public hospitals, are equipped with the latest diagnostic and imaging facilities. [79] A programme called First Level Assessment (Penilaian Tahap Satu, PTS) taken during Primary Year 3 was abolished in 2001. The Hindu community celebrates two main festivals — Deepavali and Thaipusam — and many other smaller religious events each year. [63] A variant of the Malay language that is spoken in Brunei is also commonly spoken in both states. Regulation of sexual activities among the Muslim population is strict; with laws prohibiting unmarried couples from occupying a secluded area or a confined space to prevent suspicion of acts forbidden in Islam. The Chinese community in Malaysia, depending on the predominant dialect in a particular region, speaks a variety of Chinese dialects including Mandarin, Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka and Teochew. Malaysian Chinese mostly speak Chinese languages from the southern provinces of China. Though they remain Hindu, the Chitties speak Bahasa Malaysia and women dress in sarong kebayas. The Chitty community in Malacca are descendants of much earlier Indian immigrants who adopted local culture. [5] A large number of the non-Bumiputra arrived during the colonial period, but most of the non-Bumiputras were native-born by 1947 as large-scale immigration had effectively ceased by the late 1940s. The demographics of Malaysia are represented by the multiple ethnic groups that exist in the country. More than 85% of Malaysian Indians adhere to Hinduism. This page provides - Malaysia Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Malays, as Bumiputra, see Malaysia as their land, and since race riots in 1969 Bumiputra have been especially privileged in Malaysia – top government positions are reserved for Malays, and the Malays received cheaper housing, priority in government jobs as well as business licenses. Punjabi language is commonly spoken by the Punjabi community. A majority of Cantonese speaking Chinese are the descendants of immigrants who came from the Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi in the mid 19th and early 20th centuries. [70] Since then the religion has become the predominant religion of the country and is recognised as the state's official religion. Sabah based NGOs estimate that out of the 3 million population, 2 million are illegal immigrants. The Peranakan culture is still visible to this day in the former Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang. "If the migration trend continues to 2030, Malaysian Chinese would account for only 19.6 per cent of the population," Ms Ng predicted, as reported by the Free Malaysia … This is an increase of 1.51 % (486,888 people) compared to population of 32,159,031 the year before. The more common languages in Peninsular Malaysia are Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, Teochew, Hainanese, and Hokchiu. Of these, 5.72 million live in East Malaysia and 22.5 million live in Peninsular Malaysia. The Romanised script was introduced during the colonial period and, over time, it came to replace both Sanskrit and Jawi. DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA This was largely due to the influence of the European education system, wherein children were taught the Latin alphabet. Today, the city serves as the economic, financial, logistics and medical tourism hub in the northern region of Malaysia. Population Pyramids: China - 2019. Data from Department of Statistics Malaysia:[24] [25], Total fertility rate (TFR) by state according to year:[28], Average life expectancy at age 0 of the total population. Other minorities include Filipinos and Burmese. Most institutions have educational links with overseas universities especially in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia, allowing students to spend a portion of their course duration abroad as well as getting overseas qualifications. The 2.01 million strong Indian community in Malaysia is the smallest of the three main ethnic groups, comprising only 7.0% of the total population excluding non-citizens as of 2017. Minorities who lack Bumiputra status have established themselves in Malaysia. Website : https://www.dosm.gov.my, Feedback     [34] English was, for a protracted period, the de facto, administrative language of Malaysia, though its status was later rescinded. Secondary students no longer sit for PMR in Form Three that has been abolished in 2014. miles). The Iban is the main tribal language in Sarawak while Dusunic languages are spoken by the natives in Sabah. There also exist aboriginal groups in much smaller numbers on the peninsula, where they are collectively known as Orang Asli (literally meaning "original person"). Of the remainders, 0.4% was accounted for by other faiths, including animism, folk religion, and Sikhism, while 1.7% either reported having no religion or did not provide any information. Malaysia's population, according to the 2010 census, is 28,334,000 including non-citizens, which makes it the 42nd most populated country in the world. Kuala Lumpur's 2021 population is now estimated at 8,210,745.In 1950, the population of Kuala Lumpur was 261,528.Kuala Lumpur has grown by 213,915 since 2015, which represents a 2.67% annual change. Malaysia contains speakers of 137 living languages,[56] 41 of which are found in Peninsula Malaysia. Their language, Malay (Bahasa Melayu), is the national language of the country. Tamil is the most common language spoken among Indians in Malaysia,[62] especially in Peninsular Malaysia where they still maintain close cultural ties with their homeland Tamil Nadu & Ceylon . The foreign university branch campuses in Malaysia are: Monash University Malaysia Campus, Curtin University, Malaysia, Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus and University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus. Malaysia Urban Population Currently, 77.8 % of the population of Malaysia is urban (24,862,312 people in 2019) Population Density. Malay fertility rates are 40% higher than Malaysian Indians and 56% higher than Malaysian Chinese. 2023 589,000 Population distribution in Beijing, China 2019, by five-year age group Population distribution in Sabah Malaysia 2011-2020, by citizenship status Forecasted population distribution in … Digital wallets, known as dompet digital in Malaysia, are the fourth most-used payment option, accounting for just seven percent of transactions. The annual population growth rate decreased to 0.6 per cent in 2019 as compared to 1.1 per cent in 2018. The Bidayuhs, numbering around 170,000, are concentrated in the southwestern part of Sarawak. Malaysian English, also known as Malaysian Standard English (MySE), is a form of English derived from British English, although there is little official use of the term, except with relation to education. Primary schools are divided into two categories, national primary schools and vernacular school. The Malaysian health care system requires doctors to perform a compulsory three years service with public hospitals to ensure that the manpower in these hospitals is maintained. [68] The percentage population of Muslims has been steadily increasing – from 58.6% in 1991, 60.4% in 2000, to the 61.3% of the 2010 census. The increase in the composition of working age and the old age population contributed to the incline of the median age in 2019. [14] The USCRI named Malaysia as one of the ten worst places for refugees on account of the country's discriminatory practices toward them. This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 16:45. Population Pyramids: Malaysia - 2019. Disclaimer    Privacy Policy    Security Policy     Copyright    System Requirement     Sitemap, In 2020, Male: 16.2 mil ; Female: 17.5 mil, In 2020, Malaysia Population to reach 33.8 mil, Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2018-2019, The Source of Malaysia's Official Statistics, System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA), Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), Interactive Malaysia Statistical Business Register (i-MSBR), International Merchandise Trade Malaysia & ASEAN, Malaysia External Trade Statistics Online (METS Online), Malaysia Informative Data Centre (MysIDC), Household Income, Expenditure and Basic Amenities Survey 2019, The Initial Assessment of The SDG Indicators for Malaysia 2018, Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2017-2018, Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2016-2017, Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2014 - 2016. The Indians who came to Malaysia brought with them the Hindu religion, its unique temples called Kovils and the Sikhs with their Gurdwaras. The Malaysian population consists of people of different races, religions and race. 2023 367,000 Strategic Communication and International Division [40] They have been dominant in trade and business since the early 20th century. Examinations are based on British English, although there has been much American influence through television. The government has decided to abandon the use of English in teaching maths and science and revert to Bahasa Malaysia, starting in 2012.[80]. The sex ratio for Citizens declined slightly from 103 males per 100 females (2010–2014) to 102 males per 100 females (2015–2019). Majority of the Indians in Malaysia mainly speak Tamil while Telugu, Malayalam and Punjabi are also spoken. [86] Another issue is the overperscription of drugs, though this has decreased in recent years. Some choose to be identified according to paternal ethnicity while others simply think that they fall in the "Others" category. At total level, the sex ratio remained at 107 males per 100 females since 2013. A number of independent schools conduct classes in Malay and English in addition to Chinese, enabling the students to sit the PMR and SPM additionally. data@dosm.gov.my (data request & enquiries) Similarly, female population increased from 15.7 million (2018) to 15.8 million. Large Chinese and Indian minorities also exist. The first Chinese people to settle in the Straits Settlements, primarily in and around Malacca, gradually adopted elements of Malayan culture, and some intermarried with the Malayan community. Arabic traders later introduced Jawi, an Arabic-based script, which became popular after the 15th century. The population distribution is uneven, with some 79% of its citizens concentrated in Peninsular Malaysia, which has an area of 131,598 square kilometres (50,810.27 sq mi)… Meanwhile, the population aged 15–64 years old (working age) increased from 69.7 per cent in 2018 to 70.0 per cent in 2019. Later on, some of them owned businesses that became large conglomerates in today's Malaysia. [78] Vernacular schools (Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan) use either Chinese or Tamil as the medium of instruction, whereas national primary schools (Sekolah Kebangsaan) uses Bahasa Malaysia as the medium of instruction for subjects except English, Science and Mathematics. When they first arrived, the Chinese often worked the most grueling jobs like tin mining and railway construction. Other major cities in Malaysia include Ipoh, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. Together with the surrounding towns including Butterworth, Sungai Petani, Kulim, Bandar Baharu and Parit Buntar, it forms Greater Penang, the nation's second largest conurbation with a population of about 2.5 million. The Chinese have been settling in Malaysia for many centuries, as seen in the emergence of the Peranakan culture, but the exodus peaked during the nineteenth century through trading and tin-mining. Population of Malaysia: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. However, the Non–citizen ratio was higher where in 2019, it was 163 males per 100 females. A small population exists of people of European and Middle Eastern descent. [69] Christianity constitutes a slim majority of the non-Malay Bumiputra community (50.1%) with an additional 36.3% identifying as Muslims while 7.3% follow folk religion. 62514, PUTRAJAYA [12] The exact numbers are unknown: there are a million legal foreign workers and perhaps another million unauthorised foreigners. In tandem with Malaysia's rapid development, the proportion of urban population increased to 71.0 per cent in 2010 compared with 62.0 per cent in 2000 (Chart 5). Kerala had the first mission schools in India and as such produced English educated administrators. At the end of Form Three, which is the third year, students are evaluated in the Form Three Assessment ("Pentaksiran Tingkatan Tiga", PT3). Source: National Census 2010,[1] Department of Statistics Malaysia, Structure of the population (01.07.2011) (Estimates – Data refer to projections based on the 2018 Population Census):[18], Structure of the population (2015 estimates) :[19]. Despite being the supreme courts of the land, the Civil Courts (including the Federal Court) do not hear matters related to Islamic practices,[73] as ratified by Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad in the late 1980s. Introduction / History. During the British colonial rule, Indian labourers, who were mostly south Indian Tamils from Tamil Nadu and to a lesser extent others in South India, were brought to Malaya to work on sugarcane and coffee plantations, rubber and oil palm estates, construction of buildings, railways, roads and bridges. The Iban form the largest of all indigenous groups, numbering over 600,000 (35% of Sarawak's population), who mostly still live in traditional longhouses which can hold up to 200 people. The composition of the population aged 0–14 years old (young age) in 2019 decreased from 23.8 per cent in 2018 to 23.3 per cent. The decline was attributed to the decreased in both fertility rates and net international migration. [21][22] All key rates sampled per 1000 of population. Malaysian national secondary schools are sub-divided into several types: National Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan), Religious Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Agama), National-Type Secondary School (Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan) (also referred to as Mission Schools), Technical Schools (Sekolah Menengah Teknik), Residential Schools and MARA Junior Science College (Maktab Rendah Sains MARA). [61] In Sarawak, most ethnic Chinese speak either Foochow or Hakka while Hakka predominates in Sabah except in the city of Sandakan where Cantonese is more often spoken despite the Hakka-origins of the Chinese residing there. Children of Chinese–Indian parentage are known as Chindians. [5][6], Censuses were taken in Malaysia in 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000 and 2010. There are a number of government-funded public universities in Malaysia, the most prominent of them being University of Malaya. The indigenous tribes are the oldest inhabitants of Malaysia, and the indigenous groups of Peninsular Malaysia are known collectively as Orang Asli and in East Malaysia as "Orang Asal". [32] Some Eurasians can obtain bumiputra privileges, providing they can prove they are of Portuguese (Kristang) descent.[33]. [57] The official language of Malaysia is known as Bahasa Malaysia, a standardised form of the Malay language. Really? A distinct sub-ethnic group called babas (male) and nyonyas (female) emerged. Most Malaysians are conversant in English, although some are only fluent in the Manglish form. [29], Malaysia's population comprises many ethnic groups. The Malays are an ethnic group predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula and parts of Sumatra and Borneo. The state of Sabah alone had nearly 25% of its 2.7 million population listed as illegal foreign workers in the last census. Both local and international students can acquire these identical foreign qualifications in Malaysia at a lower fee. [35] Longhouses are mostly places along the Rajang and Lupar rivers and their tributaries, although many Iban have moved to the cities. National secondary schools use Malay as the main language of instruction. Malaysian Chinese businesses developed as part of the larger bamboo network, a network of overseas Chinese businesses operating in the markets of Southeast Asia that share common family and cultural ties. Malaysia has ~ 25.84 million active internet users (80 percent of the population) and the population has extremely high rates of mobile phone penetration. Non-citizens account for 8.2% of Malaysia’s resident population. “In 2017, Bumiputera recorded an increase of 0.2 percentage points compared to 2016, which was 68.8 per cent of total population of citizens. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Malaysia had a population of 8.2 million people. In 2019, the male population outnumbered females. These private universities are also gaining a reputation for international quality education and students from all over the world attend these universities. These schools cater to the growing expatriate population in the country and the Malaysians who want a foreign curriculum, UK based curriculum, English education or Australian curriculum as well. They form the largest community in Malaysia and play a dominant role politically. However, since the riot racial stability has prevailed, if not full harmony, and mixed marriages are on the rise. Though this is not an official category in national census data, it is an increasing number especially in urban areas due to the increasing ethnic Chinese-Indian relationships. Many other people from around the world have moved to Malaysia. Hokchiu and Hokchia, collectively known as Foochow in honour of their shared dialect, which is said … Notes. Department of Statistics, Malaysia Federal Government Administrative Centre, Alor Star Urban Area Population Projections. Citizens of Minangkabau, Bugis or Javanese origins, who can be classified "Malay" under constitutional definitions may also speak their respective ancestral tongues. [9] 74.7% of the population is urban. Originally brought by the British as bodyguards and security personnel, Nepali population consist of Rana, Chettri, Rai and Gurung clans. In China, a Cantonese and a Hakka belong to different ethnic groups, but in Malaysia, all the Chinese see themselves as belonging to one ethnic group vis-à-vis the Malays and other Malaysians, and the Cantonese and Hakka are usually described as "dialect groups" or "speech-groups". Students also have the option of enrolling in private tertiary institutions after secondary studies. Conversely, there were more females in the old–age group (65 years and over) in the year under review (1.13 million females and 1.06 million males). The Islamic judges are expected to follow the Shafi`i legal school of Islam, which is the main madh'hab of Malaysia. [5] Some Chinese families, known as Peranakan ("straits-born"), have resided in Malaysia since as far back as 15th century Malacca. The English speakers form a distinct subset within the larger Chinese community, as they are known to have a less Sinocentric mindset, and are rather Westernized in thinking and attitudes. [86] Recently foreign doctors have also been encouraged to take up employment in Malaysia. The Malaysia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Malaysia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.. [74], Literacy rates (percentage of people over 15 who can read and write) are high in Malaysia, with an overall Literacy rate of 88.7%. [37] They live as subsistence farmers. Located in two separate regions in the South China Sea, Malaysia is a small country with a fast-growing economy. However, their ancestral land and hunting grounds are commonly reclaimed by the state, shifting them to inferior land and sometimes pushing them out of their traditional way of life. Perhaps not known … Both ethnicities worked mainly as clerks, public servants, teachers, hospital assistants, doctors and in other skilled professions. The only exceptions are Mathematics and Science and languages other than Malay, however this was only implemented in 2003, prior to which all non-language subjects were taught in Malay. [3], The Malaysian population is growing at a rate of 1.94% per annum as of 2017. The Population of Malaysia (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019. [67], Islam is the largest and state religion of Malaysia, although Malaysia is a multi-religious society and the Malaysian constitution guarantees religious freedom. [81] Since the introduction of the matriculation programme as an alternative to STPM in 1999, students who completed the 12-month programme in matriculation colleges (kolej matrikulasi in Malay) can enrol in local universities. Source: United Nations Population Division, 2019. The 2019 population density in Malaysia is 97 people per Km 2 (252 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 328,550 Km2 (126,854 sq. [10] Bumiputra status is also accorded to certain non-Malay indigenous peoples, including ethnic Thais, Khmers, Chams and the natives of Sabah and Sarawak. This has meant an overall increase of more than RM 2 billion. Malay culture shows strong influences from Buddhism, Hinduism and animism. ethnically, but are people of Malaysia rather than Indonesia. The Nepalese are mostly migrant workers from Nepal totalling 356,199[52][53][54] of which Malaysian Citizens are as little over 600 and lives in Rawang, Selangor. [38] The 140,000 Orang Asli comprise a number of different ethnic communities. [88] Malaysia has the highest levels of obesity among ASEAN countries.[89][90]. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) They, together with other indigenous groups in Sarawak make up over half of the states population. Laws over who gets Bumiputra status vary between states. Population estimates are rounded to the nearest hundred. [47][48][49] As for the Punjabis from Punjab, most of them where enlisted in the army in Malaya while some handled the bullock-cart services in the country.[50][51]. As of 1 January 2021, the population of Malaysia was estimated to be 32,645,919 people. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age … Help     By definition of the Malaysian constitution, all Malays are Muslims. [7][69], The majority of Malaysian Indians follow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%), Sikhs (3.9%), Muslims (3.8%), and 1,000 Jains. Malaysia’s population in 2019 is estimated at 32.6 million, increased from 32.4 million as compared to 2018. George Town, the capital city of Penang, is the second largest city, with nearly 710,000 inhabitants as of 2010. [83] Instead, private universities have sprung up to cater to the local population. Malaysian officials are reported to have turned deportees directly over to human smugglers in 2007, and Malaysia employs RELA, a volunteer militia, to enforce its immigration law.[14]. A major problem with the health care sector is the lack of medical centres for rural areas, which the government is trying to counter through the development of and expansion of a system called "tele-primary care". Tel : 03-8885 7000 [44] Indians were brought in to Malaysia during the British colonial period in late 18th century and early 19th centuries. [39] The most numerous of the Orang Asli are called Negritos and are related to native Papuans in West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, and possibly even to the aborigines in Australia. In Sarawak, the dominant tribal group are the Dayak people, who are either Iban (also known as Sea Dayak) or Bidayuh (also known as Land Dayak) of which are mainly Christians. Johor. Located next to Singapore, it is also an important industrial, tourism and commercial hub for southern Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur is the capital and largest city of Malaysia. Kota Kinabalu Urban Area Population Projections. POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH. More recently, however, with the standardised, compulsory use of Mandarin in Chinese schools, a huge majority of Malaysian Chinese now speak Mandarin, a non-native language that originated from northern China. This is particularly the case with Indian Muslims from the peninsula and the Kedayan of Borneo. [41] George Town, Ipoh and Iskandar Puteri are Chinese-majority cities,[42] while Penang was the only state in Malaysia with a non-Bumiputera majority population until 2017. Malayalam Language is used by the Malayalee ethnic group. Babas and nyonyas as a group are known as Peranakan. With a rising and ageing population, the Government wishes to improve in many areas including the refurbishment of existing hospitals, building and equipping new hospitals, expansion of the number of polyclinics, and improvements in training and expansion of telehealth. Recent efforts to bring many facilities to other towns have been hampered by lack of expertise to run the available equipment. Tamil cuisine is hugely popular. The second largest ethnic group at 6.69 million are the Chinese who make up 23% of the population excluding non-citizens as of 2018. In addition to the Malaysian National Curriculum, Malaysia has many international schools such as The International School Kuala Lumpur, Alice Smith School, Gardens International School, Cempaka Schools Malaysia, Kolej Tuanku Ja'afar...etc. [34] Citizens of Minangkabau, Bugis or Javanese origins, who can be classified "Malay" under constitutional definitions may also speak their respective ancestral tongues. However, the situation has now changed and companies are now exploring this area again, corresponding with the increased number of foreigners entering Malaysia for medical care and the recent government focus on developing the health tourism industry. The ethnic Malayalees from Kerala celebrate the Onam festival (new year) and Vishu. Malaysia is a multicultural and multiconfessional country, whose official religion is Islam. Students will sit a standardised test conducted by UCSCAM, which is known as the Unified Examination Certificate (UEC) in Junior Middle 3 (equivalent to PMR) and Senior Middle 3 (equivalent to A level). However, in Malaysia as a whole, the majority of ethnic Chinese now speak Mandarin, a non-native language from northern China (originally spoken by the Beijing elite and chosen as the official language of China), as their first language, while English is the first language for the rest. According to latest projection of the 2010 census, the fertility rates of the 3 largest Malaysian groups are as follows: Malay/Bumiputera: 2.4 children per woman, Chinese: 1.4 children per woman and Indian: 1.8 children per woman. However, English is also widely spoken in major towns and cities across the country. Other bumiputera minorities to a lesser degree include the Malaysian Siamese, Khmers, Chams, Burmese and the Indian Muslims commonly known as Mamaks. Similarly, the composition of population 65 years and over (old–age) increased from 6.5 per cent to 6.7 per cent. A branch campus can be seen as an 'offshore campus' of the foreign university, which offers the same courses and awards as the main campus. [ 12 ] the total population of Penang, is the main tribal language in Sarawak while languages... Is one of the constitution of Malaysia: today, the Chitties speak Bahasa Malaysia is! Indian Muslims from the Peninsula and parts of Sumatra and Borneo the system. A similar hierarchy to the influence of the population, growth rate, immigration, median age under jurisdiction. Period, assimilated through intermarriage into the Christian and Muslim communities reading writing. The overperscription of drugs, though this has meant an overall increase of more than 85 % of Indians. 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